Archive for March, 2013


March 29, 2013


I can’t put it any clearer than Einstein did: “The challenges we face today can’t be solved at the same level of consciousness we were at when we created them”. At the same time he defined insanity as “doing the same thing and hoping for different results”. We need to change our system of “democracy”, otherwise we’ll go on perpetuating  tribalism/ and negative ethnicity. Singing the national anthem won’t help, and neither will exhorting tribalists to end tribalism. I’m still not convinced as to how old tribalists will ever grow up to be non tribal, or tribalist professors get educated to stop being tribalists. Maybe our salvation lies in the children we are busy telling how Kikuyus,luos,kalenjins,kambas are evil in the name of “exercising our Democratic right to elect a president…”

There is no one universal definition and practice of democracy. Indeed, Democracy as practiced by USA, Britain, India and all the other great democracies in the world differ a great deal.

However, there are two basic tenets upon which democracy hinges, viz:

1) That all the members of the society (citizens) have equal access to power.

2) That all citizens enjoy universally recognized freedoms and liberties

In a democracy, access to power is mainly through voting. Thus, ‘equal access to power’ implies an assumed equality, in numerical terms, among the various groups or members of the society competing for the same. Any numerical differences among the members of the society leads to feelings of marginalization of the smaller groups which may ultimately be exploited by some people to cause strife.Once the first principle(numerical equality) fails the test, the second principle will not be worth the paper it’s written on, the assumption being that once a group is denied ‘equal’ access to power their freedoms and liberties will be trampled on by the bigger group.


First, the groups (tribes) in the society competing for power have numerical differences, so that there is this all pervasive notion that the political process is not fair; especially when it comes to the highest political office in the land, namely, the presidency. With the kikuyu at 22% of the Kenyan population and Turkana at about 1%, it’s understandable. This will always be used by politicians as an excuse to sow hatred amongst the various ‘marginalized’ groups, as it happened in 2007/2008.

Secondly, Most Kenyans equate power with the presidency.  Full stop.

Thirdly, the curse (some might call it a blessing) of Kenya’s ethnic differences (cultural diversity) and its attendant numerical differences. However, one should be cognizant of the fact that homogeneity might not necessarily be a solution to Kenya’s political problems: A case in point being Somali, with citizens of same tribe and religion and endless political conflicts.
Tribalism(negative ethnicity) is apartheid,but in this case instead of race, the social grouping  in question is the tribe.  Belonging to a Tribe (ethnic group) is just one of the myriads of identities an individual has as a member of the society. It’s just like being a member of a family, a church, a university, social class etc. Belonging to a tribe is neither negative nor positive.


Identities usually turn negative only in cases of competition.

Let me split hairs: If the identity called you and I were in a competition, whom would you support? What of if our children were competing, would you really support mine rather than your son or daughter? Remember London Olympics 2012, which country did you support (especially in games where you had countrymen/women competing?)


Politics is essentially a competition for the power or authority to manage public resources. In a democracy, Politicians need the numbers to emerge winners. To get the numbers, a politician will appeal to members of his/her family, clan, tribe, religion etc depending on the position at stake, or the identity with the requisite numbers.


Most People always tend to support someone with whom they have a commonality, including sharing a world view, having similar beliefs, being from the same tribe, having similar policies, etc.

Tribalism is basically, ethnocentrism, where individuals feel that their tribe is better than the others. This might extend to the feeling that one’s tribe is the only one capable of leadership or deserves leadership.

In other words tribalism is racism writ small, and nepotism writ large. It’s easy for a person to elect one of his/her kind: what percentage of black voters voted for Obama in his reelection? How many whites voted for Romney?
The easiest way of addressing the issue of tribalism is to remove all situations where ethnic identity can be invoked as a source of “numbers”. In Kenya, devolution in the new constitution will go a long way in addressing the issue of competition for resources, but the presidency is still an issue. The COE erred by putting the requisite threshold of the attainment of the presidency so high, effectively sustaining the flawed perception that the presidency is still as “all powerful” as in the old constitution. As long as this perception remains there will always be people who’ll prey on the gullibility of their fellow ethnocentrists to try and get elected.  After exhaustive analysis, there seems to be ONLY one way of dealing with tribalism




Kenyans are ONE, 4 out of every 5 years: They school together, they engage in business, interact at their work places, drink together- heck they even intermarry!


In the course of the four years, we engage in many PEACEFUL by-elections resulting either from successful petitions against elected officials or from their demise. This should serve as proof enough that elections, per se, aren’t exactly the cause of election violence (pre or post)
The fifth year is exclusively set aside for every Kenyan to go back to their tribal cocoons, and help one of their kinsman/woman to become the president. And if a tribe doesn’t have the requisite numbers to make it to the presidency, the members are “herded” into coalitions that would make sure that the Kikuyu doesn’t get the presidency (again!). The end result of all this is resentment towards the winning candidate’s tribe, the flawed perception being that “now the whole of that tribe will benefit at the expense of all the others”. This resentment is a powder keg that require just a few comments like “mass action” from some leaders to ignite it into a full blown explosion as was witnessed in the ’07/’08 PEV.

The only way to prevent this resentment from percolating into our social fabric is to eliminate the direct thread that ties an individual, and by extension the tribe, to the determination of the occupant of the house on the hill.

The model I have in mind that would cut this direct link, is the election of the speaker of the national assembly. The speaker of the national assembly (quite a powerful position) is elected by MPs-elect without asking for the electorates’ help. This ensures that the issue of tribe doesn’t feature so prominently as there’s no direct link between the election of the speaker and Wanjiku the voter.

My proposal for severing this direct link between Wanjiku and the presidency is as follows:

a). The voters elect their local officials (county assembly  representatives, MPs, senators, women representatives and Governors).

b). The legislators (senators and  MPs) join together and elect the president and his/her running mate from amongst themselves, just the same way they elect the  speaker of the national assembly.

In any case, since the legislators  have the powers to fire( read: impeach)  the president, why can’t we give them the power to hire him/her?

The president is supposed to be the president of the whole country. This is the best way to ensure that this theory is in tandem with the practice.

I understand this is not exactly  “democracy” as we read in all those big books, but it’s the only way forward for Kenya and kenyans to rise above tribe and avoid another bout of PEV.

I am aware that this will involve some constitutional amendments. From what I heard, the constitutional provisions aren’t set in stone…

I’m not saying that we won’t have ignorant ethnic bigots who believe only their tribes are perfect,they’ll be always be there; the same way we have some individuals in a family who believe the rest are crap. These will be cured in time, and they won’t bring the whole country grinding into a halt.



#What_if the #Pope was elected directly by the Roman Catholic members…

March 24, 2013

Current practice in that the Pope, the spiritual leader of a 1 billion odd Roman Catholic faithfuls, is elected by a select group of Cardinals who represent the various countries.

In the run_up to the election of  Pope Francis  to succeed Pope Benedict who absconded, Catholics in most parts of the world were of the opinion that the next Pope should be markedly different from Benedict.

They hoped he’d be relatively  young, of good health,having the capacity to manage and deal with the myriad of problems facing the church, especially the dwindling number of faithfuls in the church as well as the issue of pedophilia amongst some priests. Most would not have preferred another Pope whose conservative credentials ratings were past 9 on the Richter scale..

Another crucial qualification in many Catholics’ minds was the geographical location from whence he hails. Indeed, most continents had frontrunners: Africa had Ghana’s Cardinal,Asia had Philippines’ Cardinal, Latin America had one from Brazil…

In as much as the faithfuls believed that it’s God who would give the cardinals the directions as to whom to eventually vote for to replace Benedict, most still hoped that he’d direct them to elect one away from Europe; preferably from their own continent or better yet, their own country.       

When it was all said and the conclave done,and the white smoke and bells finally announced the successful election of the new Pope,the only qualification whose prayers were answered was nationality. It’d have been interesting to see what would have happened to the church  if the smoke had, through divine intervention, shaped itself (a la “Mene Mene Tekel, Parsin”)  into a name of a cardinal from Germany… I digress.

Suppose the Roman Catholic faithfuls were given full suffrage rights to directly  elect the Pope? And suppose that into the mix is added the impression or rather a perception is created that once a Pope comes from a certain country the prayers of the faithfuls of the whole of that country gets priority?

I can just imagine kenyan Catholics, falling all over themselves to elect a Ugandan  Cardinal,or even better, Ugandan Catholic faithfuls happily electing a Cardinal from Germany.(again!).

Using “The Tyranny of Numbers” theory as espoused by one Mutahi Ngunyi, calculate the probability of resentment,hatred and corruption amongst Catholic faithfuls of various countries in the pursuit of the Papacy…                                              

#Cabinet_secretaries appointments on a 50:50 basis (men: women),#kenya?

March 21, 2013

Is it likely that whichever the coalition government -or, amadioha forbid, grand coalition government- that forms the next government may appoint half the cabinet of male and the other half female?

I doubt it. The only guy I know who has such guts is Chief justice Mutunga: He’s on record as the only man to have appointed as many male colleagues as females to senior leadership positions in the judiciary!

The only two “explanations” as to  why the government might decide to appoint more men than women to senior leadership positions are:

1. More men than women voted for them..

2. Women leaders in the NGO world are only interested in 1/3 of positions..

3. Only 13 of women in the whole country have the requisite qualifications for such senior leadership positions…

4.Its not about having women leaders;rather its about having “good leaders”…

Fifth #President of #Kenya should be a #woman

March 13, 2013

From “Women CAN BE leaders” to “women ARE leaders”.

Details to follow on 





March 13, 2013

For the record, I didn’t vote for the jubilee, and I’ve never campaigned for them. But give the devil his due, Uhuruto through their jubilee coalition  won and were declared winners by the IEBC.

I love law and order just like the next person out there , but I love order more. I believe law is supposed to serve order and not the other way round. A society needs laws and rules to maintain order and peace. We shouldn’t pursue law to the detriment of order in the society.

If I were asked,I would have preferred that we engage a recognized and impartial organization, whether internal or international,to  audit  the whole electoral process as conducted by the IEBC so that we can improve on this experience.

Taking a petition to court, then running around the country trying to convince the voters that you won is not exactly doing the existing peace and order in the country a whole lot of good.

We need to move on as a country. I don’t exactly fancy the chances of peaceful elections if the the judiciary came to the  conclusion that there’s need for a rerun.On the other hand, after being convinced that their win was actually taken away from them, the cord supporters are expecting nothing less than a declaration that Raila won. If all this augurs  well for peace and stability in Kenya, then I’m the president of UGANDA!

Then again we can always pray for peace…

#Women who WONT vote for women are not much different from #men who think women are half human.. @femnetprog,@Marthakarua

March 3, 2013

Chances are that a woman will get into that polling booth tomorrow,4th march 2013, and vote for MEN ONLY in all the various positions up for grabs.

I know alot of men will do exactly that because they realize that politics is power and they are, therefore, reluctant to cede any to women. Many men would also like to perpetuate the patriarchal narrative that LEADER means MAN.

The question that really bugs my mind is the motivation behind women voting for men.

Actions speak louder than words: If you believe women are as good leaders as men ,vote for at least three women out the six positions you’ll be voting in.

And please stop apologizing for voting in women just because they they are women: we vote for men just because they are men all the time. As long as she has a first degree cert, she’s qualified!

Maybe,next time  women should be wearing   tracksuits in their campaign posters so that people realize that women actually do “run for office..’